The right skiing technique: the perfect body posture

Always remember the golden rule of skiing: Keep the right body posture! This is one of the main things to keep in mind when enjoying snowy slopes. Your speed, the direction in which you are going and the snow conditions on the slopes constantly change while skiing. Therefore, having the right body posture is crucial for adapting your technique quickly but also safely to the current conditions. Even professional skiers are constantly working on improving their body posture in the hope of beating their fastest time, over and over again

Do you want to ski like the pros? Then keep reading because, in this article, the experts at CheckYeti explain the best skiing techniques, what you should keep in mind and how to avoid the most common mistakes.

The perfect body posture: Alpine skiing

A skier demonstrates alpine skiing with the right body posture.
Adopting a correct body posture contributes to a fun skiing experience

The right body posture ensures freedom of movement and the flexibility needed for correct and smooth turns. Having the right position allows you to quickly adapt your skiing technique to the terrain and the conditions, and to change your body position easily, for example when changing direction or speed.

The basic rules of alpine skiing

    • The skis are hip-width apart and in a parallel position
    • Ankles, knees, and hips are bent equally
    • The body weight is transferred onto the downhill ski
    • The upper body is leaning slightly towards the valley
    • The arms are bent and positioned at the sides of the body
    • Body tension helps to react quickly to new situations. However, the body should not be stiff but taut and the position should be comfortable and easy to hold

CheckYeti Tip: In order to better visualise the right posture, it may be helpful to picture axes through the ankle, knee and hip joints. These axes should be parallel to each other.

Adopting the right body posture for carving

A skier carves with the right body posture.
Carving requires a more inclined position during a turn

Carving combines the thrill of skiing downhill at high speeds with smooth, long turns. The right technique guarantees not only fun but also safety on the slopes.

The difference to classic parallel turns is that  a carving turn requires a more inclined body position. Also, the skis don’t slide but instead carry the skier, as if on tracks, across the slope. It is very important to push the edges of the skis deep into the snow. The traces left behind will indicate whether you carved well or whether your skis slid downhill. The upper body compensates for the downward force on the knees and hips during the uphill movement, so that balance is maintained.

Short and sweet: Short turns

On narrow or busy pistes, a well-practiced short turns technique is definitely an advantage. Short turns have a smaller radius and can be done consecutively at a faster interval. As the turns are particularly short, it is important that the legs, especially the ankles and knees, initiate the movement. The upper body remains steady and faces the valley at all times whilst the legs do the work and make the turns. When skiing short turns, the skis should leave the fall line as quickly as possible.

Avoiding the most common mistakes

Here, the team at CheckYeti explains the most common mistakes made by skiers and how to avoid them.

Legs

A ski instructor is showing a skier how to position the legs.
With the correct leg position, you are almost ready for the slopes

For skiing, the correct position of the lower body is essential, the ankles, knees and hip joints being particularly important. One common mistake is that the joints are held too stiffly. In this case, they cannot cushion bumps and skiers lose their balance. When the joints are bent and flexible, they can quickly react to irregularities on the slopes.

The legs should always be hip-width apart and the skis parallel to each other. Skiing becomes difficult if the stance is too narrow or too wide. If the legs are too close to each other, keeping the balance and letting the skis glide becomes difficult. On the other hand, if the feet are too wide apart, it is harder to manoeuvre the skis.

Another common mistake is that the skis are kept too flat on the snow. It is important to keep the skis on their edges in order to be able to steer them easily. A good exercise in getting a better feeling for the edges is to stand sideways on the slope and push the edges into the snow. Then, let some of the pressure go until you start sliding down the hill. After some seconds, push the edges into the snow again to come to a halt. Repeat this several times on both sides until you have a better feel for the edges.

The upper body & head

A private instructor shows the right body posture to her student.
The upper body and head should always lean towards the valley

A correct upper body posture is just as important as having the lower body in the right position. Naturally, there are mistakes that happen but can be avoided. For example, when the upper body and the head lean too much towards the inside of the turn. The skier loses pressure on the outer ski and consequently the control while steering. Also, turns should not be forced with a rotation of the upper body but rather initiated by the legs. The result of both mistakes is that the body weight is shifted towards the inner ski and full control of the skis is lost during turns.

In the best case, the upper body is steady and upright. The upper body and head lean towards the valley and over the downhill ski in order to compensate the movement of the knees and hips towards the hill.

A good way to practice this is to hold the poles together in front of the body and to keep them parallel to the slope while skiing. This creates tension in the upper body. It is important that the arms are kept steady, the whole upper body moves towards the valley and that the upper body doesn’t rotate. This can be achieved by pressing the hands into the hips. The exercise continues. keeping the upper body steady and starting the movement with the legs only.

Also not to be forgotten is the correct arm position. Sometimes skiers only focus on the arm that’s placing the pole and the other arm is often neglected. However, both arms need to be by the side, slightly to the front of the body with the poles in the correct position, their ends facing backwards.

Bodyweight transfer

Two skiers practising the weight transfer while skiing.
The skis glide smoothly if bodyweight is transferred correctly

If bodyweight transfer is not carried out correctly, precise navigation is not possible. One mistake that can often be seen on the slopes is that skiers lean back too far, causing the pressure on the outer skis to be reduced and the skier losing control. This may happen because of inexperience or due to fear of either the slope or the speed.

Can you feel your heels all the time or do you have a burning sensation in your thighs? Burning thighs are a sign of incorrect posture so to avoid this mistake, lean to the front and push your shins against the ski boots. The feeling might be unusual at first but the position helps enable smoother descents. One exercise to counteract bad posture is to cross your arms or to keep the poles together in front of the body, to force the forward movement.

 

No doubt, winter is my favourite season. It doesn’t matter whether I’m on skis or my snowboard – as soon as I can race down the slopes covered in snow, I’m in my element.